Medicine MCQs – 2

Medicine Question Bank

Most common form of glomerulonephritis in adults worldwide -

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IgA nephropathy is also known as Berger's disease. It is the most common form of glomerulonephritis in adults worldwide


IgA nephropathy, also known as Berger's disease, is the most common type of glomerulonephritis, and generally presents with isolated visible or occult hematuria, occasionally combined with low grade proteinuria

Most common form of electrolyte disorder in the emergency room

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Hyponatremia is the most common form of electrolyte disorder in the emergency room

Patients with aerophagia have excessive intestinal gas that is mostly composed of -

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Patients who have excessive intestinal gas that is mostly composed of nitrogen have aerophagia

Bilateral renal cell carcinomas is seen in -

Correct! Wrong!

von Hippel–Lindau disease -


- autosomal dominant disorder We can find - - bilateral renal cell carcinomas - haemangioblastomas - phaeochromocytomas - renal cysts
VHL syndrome is found in 4.3% of bilateral RCCs

Café au lait spots with rough borders seen in -

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Café au lait spots are often harmless but may be associated with syndromes such as neurofibromatosis type 1 and McCune–Albright syndrome


Neurofibromatosis Type 1 -
- Café au lait lesions tend to resemble the "coast of California," rather than the "coast of Maine," - Meaning the edges are smoother and more linear.
McCune-Albright syndrome.- Café au lait lesions with rough borders (“coast of Maine”)

Check shoulder shrug or trapezius muscle action is the testing of which nerve -

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CN XI (Spinal Accessory) Check shoulder shrug (trapezius muscle) and head rotation to each side (sternocleidomastoid) against resistance.

Low-FODMAP diet is used for -

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Dietary modification to reduce the volume of flatus produced is - reducing the amount of fermentable carbohydrates.


Low-FODMAP diet- low fermentable oligosaccharide, disacharide, monosaccharide and polyols

All of the following are usually CORRECT about Isolated proteinuria without hematuria EXCEPT -

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Isolated proteinuria without hematuria


is usually in the sub-nephrotic range without an active urine sediment and there is normal renal function. Over 50% of these patients have postural proteinuria.

Early-morning nausea and vomiting is seen in all of the following cases EXCEPT -

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Early-morning nausea and vomiting is seen in -


- Pregnancy
- Alcohol dependence
- Uraemia.

Large volumes of vomit - suggest gastric outlet or upper intestinal obstruction.

Horizontal nystagmus is best assessed at -

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Horizontal nystagmus is best assessed at 45° and not at extreme lateral gaze