Brainstem


All of the following are included in brainstem EXCEPT


A. Midbrain

B. Pons

C. Cerebellar peduncle

D. Medulla oblongata



Sometimes which part is included in brainstem?


A. Putamen

B. Diencephalon

C. Cerebellar peduncle

D. Flocculonodular lobe



How many pairs of cranial nerves come from the brainstem?


A. 7

B. 9

C. 10

D. 11



Which is the widest component of the brainstem?


A. Midbrain

B. Pons

C. Cerebellar peduncle

D. Medulla oblongata



Red nucleus is a structure in the rostral midbrain involved in


A. Sensory coordination

B. Mainly Vibration sensation

C. Motor coordination

D. Balance



Substantia nigra present in the ventral portion of the midbrain uses ——- as its neurotransmitter


A. Glutamate

B. Serotonin

C. Epinephrine

D. Dopamine



Motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease is due to involvement of


A. Pons

B. Red nucleus

C. Superior colliculus

D. Substantia nigra



Which is involved in physiological responses to stress and panic?


A. Red nucleus

B. Locus coeruleus

C. Substantia niagra

D. Putamen



Principal site for brain synthesis of norepinephrine


A. Red nucleus

B. Locus coeruleus

C. Substantia niagra

D. Putamen



Areas of bleeding in the midbrain and upper pons due to a downward traumatic displacement of the brainstem is called


A. Syrinxes

B. Dot and blot hemorrhages

C. Duret haemorrhages

D. Lacunar stroke



In shorts


Neurotransmitter
Amino Acidglycine, glutamate
Monoaminesserotonin, epinephrine, dopamine
Peptidessubstance P, opioids
PurinesATP, GTP
Othernitric oxide, carbon monoxide
Neurotransmitter

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