Beck’s triad

Beck’s triad

Beck’s triad 

  1. Hypotension
  2. Jugular venous distension
  3. Muffled heart sounds – only found in a minority of patients


Cause – associated with acute cardiac tamponade-  medical emergency


Pathophysiology – excessive fluid accumulates in the pericardial sac around the heart and impairs its ability to pump blood.


Pathognomonic for – acute cardiac tamponade with presence of the Beck’s triad.

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