Displacement of the Uterus


Retrodisplacement of uterus is commonly seen in all except


A. Fetus

B. Following childbirth

C. Fibroid uterus

D. Post menopausal women



True about displacement of uterus is


A. Hodge-Smith pessary may be placed inside for about 3 months for correcting the acute anteverted uterine position

B. Third degree retroversion can lead to early miscarriages

C. Pubocervical ligament supports the supravaginal cervix

D. Round ligament plays an important role in preventing descent of uterus



Damage to perineal body causes


A. Loss of normal vaginal axis

B. Retroversion of cervix

C. Rectocele

D. Incontinence of urine



All of the following are risk factors for uterine prolapse except


A. Occult spina bifida

B. Marfan syndrome

C. Ehler Danlos syndrome

D. Fibrodysplasia



Which of the following is not commonly seen in a prolapse uterus


A. Carcinoma in decubitus ulcer

B. Hydrouerter

C. Supravaginal elongation of cervix

D. Hyperplasia of infravaginal cervix



Levator ani muscle tone is assessed by


A. Pubovaginalis tone

B. Pararectal muscles

C. Perineal body assessment

D. Pubococcygeus tone



Which is not indicated for enterocele repair


A. Le Fort Colpocleisis

B. McCall culdoplasty

C.Moscowitch procedure

D. Vaginal repair with PFR



In-shorts


  • The cystocele is often confused with Gartner’s cyst, it can be differentiated by introducing a urinary catheter,  the tip of which fails to come underneath the vaginal mucosa in gartner’s cyst.
  • Cervix looks conical in congenital elongation of the cervix & vaginal part of the cervix is elongated.
  • Chronic inversion of the uterus, there is no opening visible on the leading part.

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