Cardiology MCQs-6

Mitral facies refers to a distinctive facial appearance associated with mitral stenosis is usually seen in

A. Mild Mitral regurgitation

B. Mild Mitral stenosis

C. Severe Mitral stenosis

D. Severe Mitral regurgitation

Which lesions of infective endocarditis are painful

A. Osler’s nodes 

B. Janeway lesions

C. Splinter hemorrhage

D. Clubbing

The normal angle between the nail bed and the proximal nail fold is

A. 60°

B. 90°

C. 160°

D. 180°

Which carcinoma lung is the most frequent histopathological type of lung cancer associated with HOA [hypertrophic osteoarthropathy]?

A. Adenocarcinoma

B. Squamous cell carcinoma

C. Large cell carcinoma

D. Small cell carcinoma

Angle made by nail as it exists from the proximal nail fold is called

A. Angle of wiberg

B. Lovibond’s angle

C. Angle of Louis

D. Angle of His

Profile angle of greater than —– is used to identify true clubbing

A. 60°

B. 120°

C. 160°

D. 180°

Pathogenesis of digital clubbing

  1. local hypoxia
  2. platelet activation
  3. release of signal proteins such as VEGF
  4. stimulation of angiogenesis

Watch-glass nails or Hippocratic fingers/nails

Clubbed fingers are also known as watch-glass nails, drumstick fingers, and Hippocratic fingers/nails.

AAngle of wibergcenter-edge angle (CEA) of Wiberg is a measurement in the pelvis which is the angle formed by Perkin line and a line from the center of the femoral head to the lateral edge of the acetabulum
Bprofile sign of the thumbLovibond’s angle – angle made by the nail as it exits the proximal nailfold. 
CAngle of LouisAngle of Louis is the eponymous name given to the sternal angle which is the palpable anatomical feature formed from the manubriosternal junction.
DAngle of HisAngle of His, also known as the esophagogastric angle, is the acute angle created between the cardia at the entrance to the stomach, and the esophagus.
Anatomical Angles

Floating nail sign

“floating nail” sign is demonstrated by applying pressure at the point indicated as the root of the nail plate. Normally, pressure there produces no movement. With clubbing, there is movement toward the bone. 

    Subscribe Medicine Question BankWhatsApp Channel

    FREE Updates, MCQs & Questions For Doctors & Medical Students

      Medicine Question Bank
      Enable Notifications OK No thanks