Steroidal Contraceptives

Use of combined OCP can reduce risk of endometrial cancer up to

A. 15%
B. 27%
C. 50%
D. 65%

Mode of action of OCP does not include

A. Inhibition of ovulation
B. Hyperplasia of endometrium
C. Viscid and scanty cervical mucus
D. Inhibits FSH rise and prevents follicular growth

Contraindications for prescribing OCP are all except

A. Smokers

B. Tuberculosis

C. Sickle cell disease

D. history of migraine

Not true of Progesterone Only Pill is

A. Drospirenone has anti-mineralocorticoid activity.
B. More effective in treating polycystic ovary syndrome
C. Pill of choice after bariatric surgeries
D. Can be taken continuously without a hormone-free period

Monitoring for serum potassium level is required for pills containing

A. Desogestrel
B. Drospirenone
C. Levonorgestrel
D. Norgestimate

Acne can be avoided by taking the OCP containing

A. Levonorgestrel 

B. Desogestrel 

C. Norgestimate

D. Norethindrone acetate

In shorts

  • Currently, there are three types of oral contraceptive pills: combined estrogen-progesterone, progesterone-only, and continuous or extended use pill.
  • Approximately 25% of women aged 15 to 44 who currently use contraception reported using the pill as their method of choice.
  • Progesterone is the hormone that prevents pregnancy, and the estrogen component controls menstrual bleeding.
  • OCP’s can be used to address other health conditions, particularly menstrual-related disorders such as menstrual pain, irregular menstruation, fibroids, endometriosis-related pain, and menstrual-related migraines
  • Combined OC use decreases the risk of ovarian cancer by 27%
  • OCs have also been reported to reduce the risk of colon cancer by 18%
  • Women who have two or more risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as older age, diabetes, hypertension, or smoking should also not use COC as the risk outweighs benefits

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