Neurology MCQs -3

Patient with a right hemiparesis with aphasia is most likely to have a lesion in

A. Basal ganglia

B. Brainstem

C. Spinal cord

D. Left hemisphere

Which of the following makes you detect smells that aren’t really there in your environment?

A. Anosmia

B. Phantosmia

C. Dysgeusia 

D. Parosmia 

‘Smell blindness’ is a term used for

A. Anosmia

B. Phantosmia

C. Dysgeusia

D. Parosmia

Samter’s triad is characterized by ALL of the following EXCEPT

A. Bronchial asthma

B. Anosmia

C. Nasal polyps

D. Aspirin intolerance


Anosmia – Inability to detect odors

Hyposmia – Decreased ability to detect odors

Dysosmia – Any smell alteration

Parosmia – Altered perception of smell in the presence of an odor, usually unpleasant

Phantosmia – Perception of smell without an odor present

Agnosia – Inability to classify or contrast odors, although able to detect odors


Ageusia – Inability to taste

Hypogeusia – Decreased ability to taste

Dysgeusia – Distorted ability to taste

Anosmia – early sign of a degenerative brain disease

Anosmia may very occasionally be an early sign of a degenerative brain disease such as

  1. Parkinson’s disease
  2. Alzheimer’s disease

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