Nephrology MCQs-12

Most common causes of isolated microscopic haematuria

A. Diabetic nephrosclerosis

B. Hypertensive nephropathy

C. IgA nephropathy

D. Nephrotic Syndrome

All are Contraindications to Renal Biopsy Except

A. Acute pyelonephritis

B. Perinephric abscess

C. Renal neoplasm

D. Nephrotic Syndrome

Cerebral salt wasting is a syndrome described primarily in patients with

A. Cerebral hypoxia

B. Subarachnoid hemorrhage

C. Renal cell carcinoma

D. Cardio renal Syndrome

Hyponatremia is defined as serum [Na+] of less than

A. 115 mmol/l

B. 125 mmol/l

C. 135 mmol/l

D. 145 mmol/l

Most common cause of hyponatremia in hospitalized patients

A. Hypothyroidism


C. Desmopressin

D. Postoperative hyponatremia

Most common cause of hyponatremia

A. Drug-induced hyponatremia


C. Postoperative hyponatremia

D. Exercise-induced hyponatremia

Chronic hyponatremia is Hyponatremia developing over

A. > 24 hours

B. > 36 hours

C. > 48 hours

D. > 1 week

What is ‘Microscopic hematuria’?

Microscopic hematuria is defined as ≥3 RBCs per high-power microscopic field (hpf) in two of three properly collected centrifuged urine specimens.

What is ‘Isolated microscopic haematuria’?

Isolated microscopic haematuria refers to haematuria in the absence of proteinuria, hypertension or renal dysfunction.

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