Benign Lesions of the Cervix


Cervical ectopy is a condition where the squamous epithelium of the ectocervix is replaced by


A. Columnar epithelium

B. Stratified squamous

C. Pseudo stratified squamous epithelium

D. None of the above



 True about cervical ectopy


A. Congenital ectopy persists till puberty

B. Movement of the squamocolumnar junction is dependent on estrogen

C. The squamocolumnar junction returns back to its normal position after one months following delivery

D. Chronic cervicitis can cause ectopy



Not true of nabothian follicle


A. Mucus-filled cervical cysts
B. May follow childbirth or minor trauma
C. Usually found at the transformation zone of the uterine cervix
D. Large cysts show internal septation and enhancement in MRI



Histologically, not true of cervical lesions 


A. Cervical ectopy can be either flat, papillary or of follicular variety.

B. Mesonephric cysts are lined by cuboidal epithelium

C. Nabothian follicles are lined by columnar epithelium

D. Ectopy is an ulcer of cervical epithelium



Not true of cervical endometriosis is


A. Treated by destruction with cauterization
B. large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) is ideal therapy
C. Can lead to diagnostic errors in the interpretation of Pap smear
D. Immunohistochemistry is reactive for vimentin


In shorts


Post-coital bleeding, intermenstrual bleeding, vaginal discharge, urinary complaints, red color area around the cervical os on speculum examination prompt further tests to rule out cervical cancer.

Alpha interferon suppository. It has an immunomodulatory effect and an anti-proliferative effect. Interferon-alpha enhances the function of the T lymphocytes , can be used to treat Cervical ectropion.

Infertile women who also have cervical ectropion along with hostile cervical mucus can be treated with cryotherapy.


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