Congenital Anomalies of Female Genital Tract

Which is not true about female genital tract anomalies

A. Normal gonadal function
B. Associated with urinary tract abnormality in 40% cases
C. Skeletal malformation rarely seen
D. Presence of ambiguity of sex indicated genetic origin

Which of the following is not true?

A. Women with vestibular anus require cesarean delivery

B. Partial nephrectomy may be indicated in ectopic ureter

C. Fentons operation is done for double vagina

D.Hematosalpinx can occur in cryptomenorrhea

Which is true about vaginal anomalies

A. Vertical fusion defects give rise to double vagina

B. Disorders of lateral fusion are always nonobstructive

C. Transverse vaginal septa mostly occurs in upper vagina

D. Complete vaginal atresia indicates abnormal karyotype

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome has

A. Complete agenesis of the vagina

B. Urinary tract abnormalities

C. Primary amenorrhea

D. All of the above

McIndoe-Reed procedure

A. Is a type of vaginoplasty

B. Amnion graft is used 

C. Vaginal pouch is created from skin flaps of labia majora

D. Is a non surgical method

All are true about uterine anomalies except

A. Septate uterus is class IV uterine (AFS) anomaly
B. Incidence of mullerian anomalies are is 3-4%
C. The absence of one mullerian duct leads to a unicornuate uterus with a single fallopian tube
D. Arcuate uterus is a fusion anomaly


In short

VACTERL association often involves vertebral, renal and heart malformations along with the genital tract anomalies. Fifty to 80 percent of people with VACTERL association have a tracheo-esophageal fistula.

 MURCS (Müllerian duct aplasia–renal agenesis–cervicothoracic somite dysplasia) association is a unique and rare developmental disorder with four common features of uterine hypoplasia or aplasia, renal agenesis or ectopy, vertebral anomalies and short stature.

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